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The district usually bears the same name as the district capital. Note that northern Sinjar, northern Tel Afar, Akre and northern Shekhan districts are currently under illegal Kurdistan Regional Government de facto control. Dohuk Governorate is part of Iraqi Kurdistan. Erbil Governorate is part of Iraqi Kurdistan, while the status of the southern Makhmur District is contested. Halabja Governorate is part of Iraqi Kurdistan.
Sulaymaniyah Governorate is part of Iraqi Kurdistan. This page was last edited on 20 March 2018, at 16:29. Amara, is a city in south-eastern Iraq, located on a low ridge next to the Tigris River waterway south of Baghdad about 50 km from the border with Iran. It lies at the northern tip of the marshlands between the Tigris and Euphrates. Predominantly Shia Muslim, it had a population of about 340,000 as of 2002 and about 420,000 as of 2005. It is the administrative capital of the Maysan province.
A major trading center for the surrounding agricultural area, it is known for woven goods and silverware. Kurdish coolies along the banks of the Tigris in Amarah, ca. The city was founded in the 1860s as an Ottoman military outpost from which the empire tried to control the warring Banu Lam and Al Bu Muhammad tribes. In 1915 Amarah was captured by the British. Before the revolution in 1958 Amarah was known for its feudal system with local estate-holders maintaining private militias. Iraq War, the eastern parts of the province became the site of several battles, notably Operation Before the Dawn launched by Iran.
Since the Baghdad-Basra highway cut through the province, Iran targeted the area due to its strategic significance to the Iraqis. After the Persian Gulf War, Amarah was one of many sites during the 1991 uprisings in Iraq against Saddam Hussein. Many insurgents throughout Iraq retreated to safe havens in the Amarah area. Many were killed and crudely buried in a mass grave outside the city.
Throughout the 90’s, the town’s population swelled with refugees from the marshes. Saddam Hussein occasionally neglected service to the city in retribution for its role in the uprising. The city also supported the efforts of Moqtada al-Sadr, whose father was also killed by Saddam. This section needs additional citations for verification. During the 2003 invasion of Iraq, the city made a final stand as a center of resistance to Saddam Hussein. The city was soon occupied by British forces, which set up two camps. Local residents hired diggers to unearth the bodies in the mass grave after twelve years.
Battle of Amarah: After the British handed power over to the Iraqi government, a power struggle erupted between Shi’ite loyalists of the Mahdi Army and Badr Brigades. A number of assassinations occurred in the city between the rival factions. On June 18, 2008, the Iraqi Army launched a major operation in Amarah to wrest the city from the control of militias loyal to Moqtada al Sadr and to reduce the flow of weapons and Shiite militants transiting through the city from nearby Iran. During this time, the 4th Brigade of the US Army’s 1st Cavalry Division established a semi-permanent presence in the province by constructing two large operating bases in the Province and several smaller company outposts. Specific within 4th Brigade, Amarah and its surrounding towns were covered by 2nd Battalion of the 7th Cavalry Regiment, which established FOB Garryowen just west of the city proper. Provincial elections in January 2009 saw a dramatic shift in the balance of power in Amarah and Maysan Province in general.
Archived from the original on 21 October 2006. Shiite Militia Seizes Control of Iraqi City”. Attack on Iraqi City Shows Militia’s Power”. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Amarah. This page was last edited on 28 March 2018, at 14:02. This article does not cite any sources.
This article needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. The district usually bears the same name as the district capital. Note that northern Sinjar, northern Tel Afar, Akre and northern Shekhan districts are currently under illegal Kurdistan Regional Government de facto control. Dohuk Governorate is part of Iraqi Kurdistan. Erbil Governorate is part of Iraqi Kurdistan, while the status of the southern Makhmur District is contested.