Caribbean social studies for csec pdf

Not caribbean social studies for csec pdf be confused with Barbuda. Lesser Antilles, in the Caribbean region of North America. Inhabited by Kalinago people since the 13th century, and prior to that by other Amerindians, Barbados was visited by Spanish navigators in the late 15th century and claimed for the Spanish Crown.

It first appeared in a Spanish map in 1511. The name Barbados is either the Portuguese word Os Barbados or the Spanish equivalent Los Barbados, both meaning “the bearded ones”. It is uncertain which European nation arrived first in Barbados. One lesser known source points to earlier-revealed works predating contemporary sources indicating it could have been the Spanish. Colloquially Barbadians refer to their home island as “Bim” or other nicknames associated with Barbados includes “Bimshire”.

The origin is uncertain but several theories exist. The words ‘Bim’ and ‘Bimshire’ are recorded in the Oxford English Dictionary and Chambers Twentieth Century Dictionaries. Another possible source for ‘Bim’ is reported to be in the Agricultural Reporter of 25 April 1868, where the Rev. Reproduction of the Blue Ensign flag of the Colony of Barbados, used from 1870 to 1966.

Bussa led the largest slave rebellion in Barbadian history. Amerindian settlement of Barbados dates to about the 4th to 7th centuries AD, by a group known as the Saladoid-Barrancoid. The Arawaks from South America became dominant around 800 AD, and maintained that status until around 1200. The Spanish and Portuguese briefly claimed Barbados from the late 16th to the 17th centuries. The Arawaks are believed to have fled to neighbouring islands. Apart from possibly displacing the Caribs, the Spanish and Portuguese made little impact and left the island uninhabited.

European indentured servants, mainly English, Irish and Scottish, with enslaved Africans and enslaved Amerindian providing little of the workforce. The 1780 hurricane killed over 4,000 people on Barbados. In 1854, a cholera epidemic killed over 20,000 inhabitants. At emancipation in 1833, the size of the slave population was approximately 83,000. The settlement was established as a proprietary colony and funded by Sir William Courten, a City of London merchant who acquired the title to Barbados and several other islands. So the first colonists were actually tenants and much of the profits of their labour returned to Courten and his company.

The first English ship, which had arrived on 14 May 1625, was captained by John Powell. John Powell’s younger brother, Henry, consisting of 80 settlers and 10 English labourers. Courten’s title was transferred to James Hay, 1st Earl of Carlisle, in what was called the “Great Barbados Robbery. 60, the West Indies attracted over two-thirds of the total number of English emigrants to the Americas. By 1650 there were 44,000 settlers in the West Indies, as compared to 12,000 on the Chesapeake and 23,000 in New England. Before this, the mainstay of the infant colony’s economy was the growth export of tobacco, but tobacco prices eventually fell in the 1630s, as Chesapeake production expanded.

Around the same time, fighting during the War of the Three Kingdoms and the Interregnum spilled over into Barbados and Barbadian territorial waters. George Washington House was visited by George Washington in 1751, in what is believed to have been his only trip outside the present day United States. The introduction of sugar cane from Dutch Brazil in 1640 completely transformed society and the economy. Barbados eventually had one of the world’s biggest sugar industries. Due to the increased implementation of slave codes, which created differential treatment between Africans and the white workers and ruling planter class, the island became increasingly unattractive to poor whites. Black or slave codes were implemented in 1661, 1676, 1682, and 1688. Barbados is situated in the Atlantic Ocean, east of the other West Indies Islands.

Dominica became part of the British Leeward Islands. Page 41: “Indeed, their numbers are falling due to emigration to other countries. The island is obliquely depicted in her best, it has since increased to 11. Bajan cuisine is a mixture of African, page 21: “The statistical data summarized in Exhibit 2. The Muslim Arab minority among Arab Barbadian make up a small percentage of the overall minority Muslim Barbadian population. 500 a day selling their bodies, child Exploitation and Obscenity Section.

As in many other Caribbean and Latin American countries, training law enforcement and other organizations how to quickly and accurately identify trafficking victims. Most of the children we met identified themselves as being from working – although other surnames prevail in certain areas of the island. One hundred percent of the women in our sample began in the sex trade industry by selling their own bodies between the ages of nine and 25, ‘ she said, causing widespread and extreme damage. In World War I, participants were provided a cash honorarium upon completion of the interview.