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You can download the paper by clicking the button above. Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link. This article is about the movement. For the architectural style, see Postmodern architecture. For the condition or state of being, see Postmodernity. Postmodernism is a broad movement that developed in the mid- to late-20th century across philosophy, the arts, architecture, and criticism and that marked a departure from modernism.
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Postmodernism arose after World War II as a reaction to the perceived failings of modernism, whose radical artistic projects had come to be associated with totalitarianism or had been assimilated into mainstream culture. Since the late 1990s there has been a small but growing feeling both in popular culture and in academia that postmodernism “has gone out of fashion. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. This section needs additional citations for verification.
This article possibly contains original research. Structuralism was a philosophical movement developed by French academics in the 1950s, partly in response to French Existentialism. Post-structuralism is not defined by a set of shared axioms or methodologies, but by an emphasis on how various aspects of a particular culture, from its most ordinary, everyday material details to its most abstract theories and beliefs, determine one another. One of the most well-known postmodernist concerns is “deconstruction,” a theory for philosophy, literary criticism, and textual analysis developed by Jacques Derrida. The notion of a “deconstructive” approach implies an analysis that questions the already evident understanding of a text in terms of presuppositions, ideological underpinnings, hierarchical values, and frames of reference. In some sense, we may regard postmodernism, posthumanism, poststructuralism, etc. More recently metamodernism, post-postmodernism and the “death of postmodernism” have been widely debated: in 2007 Andrew Hoberek noted in his introduction to a special issue of the journal Twentieth Century Literature titled “After Postmodernism” that “declarations of postmodernism’s demise have become a critical commonplace”.